Norton AntiVirus

Norton AntiVirus is an anti- malware software developed and distributed by Symantec Corporation since 1991 as part of its Norton family of computer security products. It uses signatures and heuristics to identify viruses . Other features included in it are email spam filtering and phishing protection.

Symantec distributes the product as a download, a box copy , and as OEM software . Norton AntiVirus and Norton Internet Security , a related product, held at 61% US retail market share for security suites as of the first half of 2007. Competitors, incl. Antivirus products from CA , Trend Micro , and Kaspersky Lab . [1]

Norton AntiVirus runs on Microsoft Windows and macOS . Windows 7 support was in development for versions 2006 through 2008. Version 2009 has Windows 7 supported update already. Versions 2010, 2011, and 2012 all natively support Windows 7, without needing an update. Version 12 is the only version fully compatible with Mac OS X Lion . With the 2015 series of products, Symantec made changes in its portfolio and briefly discontinued Norton AntiVirus. [2] This action was later reversed by Norton AntiVirus Basic. [3]

Origins

In May 1989, Symantec launched Symantec Antivirus for the Macintosh (SAM). [4] SAM 2.0, released March 1990, authored SAM to intercept and eliminate new viruses, including many that did not exist at the time of the program’s release. [5]

In August 1990 Symantec acquired by Peter Norton Computing from Peter Norton . [6] Norton and his company Developed various DOS utilities Including the Norton Utilities , qui Did not include antivirus features. Symantec continued the development of acquired technologies. The technologies are marketed under the name of “Norton”, with the tagline “from Symantec”. Norton’s crossed-arm pose, registered US trademark, was traditionally featured on Norton product packaging. [7] However, his pose was later moved to the spine of the packaging, and eventually dropped altogether. [8]

By early 1991, US computers were invaded by hundreds of foreign strains and corporate PC infections. Symantec ‘s Norton Group launched Norton AntiVirus 1.0 (PC) for PC and compatible computers. [9] Ads for the product, with a suggested retail price of $ 129, featured Norton in his crossed-arm pose, wearing a pink shirt and surgical mask covering his nose and mouth.

With the 1998 version 5.0 update, SAM was renamed Norton AntiVirus (NAV) for Macintosh. [10]

Windows edition

Product activation was introduced in Norton AntiVirus 2004, 3.6 million counterfeit Norton products sold. An alphanumeric code is generated to identify a computer’s configuration, which is in the product key. Users are allowed to activate their product with the same product key . [11] Spyware and adware detection and removal was introduced to the 2005 version, with the tagline “Antispyware Edition”. [12] The tagline was dropped in later releases. However, Norton AntiVirus 2009 Classic does not include spyware or adware detection. Norton AntiVirus 2009, which does not contain spyware and adware detection.

Existing users of the 2006, 2007, 2008, and 2009 versions can be upgraded to the latest version. Upgrading will preserve the number of days left on a user’s subscription. verification needed ] [13]

Version 2006 (13.0)

The redesigned hand graphical user interface aggregates information in a central user interface. [14] CNET reports the Norton Protection Center, while useful, attempts to advertise additional products. To further facilitate detection of zero-day malware, Bloodhound disassembles a variety of programming languages , and scans code for malicious instructions using predefined algorithms . [15] Internet Explorer homepage hijacking protection was introduced in this release as well; However, there is no need for search engine hijacking protection. CNET highlighted Norton AntiVirus 2006’s noticeable impact on system performance.[14]

Operating system requirements for Windows 2000 Service Pack 3 or Windows XP. 150 MB of free space and 300 MHz is required under the operating system. 128 MB of RAM is required under Windows 2000, while 256 MB is required in Windows XP. [14]

Version 2007 (14.0)

Norton AntiVirus was released on September 12, 2006. [16] Symantec revised Norton AntiVirus with the goal of reducing high system resource utilization. [17] Windows Vista compatibility was introduced in this release as well. Despite having about 80% of the rewritten code, CNET reports mixed results in performance testing. [17]

Windows 2000 compatibility was dropped from this release. Compatibility with 32-bit versions of Windows was added to this release with a patch from Symantec. Hardware requirements under Vista call for 150 MB free space, 800 MHz processor and 512 MB RAM. Requirements under Windows XP similarly call for 150 MB free space, 300 MHz processor, and 256 MB of RAM.

Version 2008 (15.0)

Norton AntiVirus 2008 was released on August 28, 2007. Emphasizing malware prevention, new features include SONAR , which looks for suspicious application behavior. This release adds real-time exploit protection, preventing attackers from common browser, and application vulnerabilities. [18] [19]

When installed in 32-bit versions of Windows XP Service Pack 2 , 300 MB of free space, a 300 MHz processor, and 256 MB of RAM is required. When installed in 32-bit and 64-bit versions of Windows Vista, 300 MB of free space, an 800 MHz processor, and 256 MB of RAM is needed.

Version 2009 (16.0)

Norton AntiVirus 2009 was released on September 8, 2008. Addressing performance issues, over 300 changes were made, with a “zero-impact” goal. [20] [21] Benchmarking conducted by Passmark Software PTY LTD highlights its second 47-second install time, 32 second scan time, and 5 MB memory utilization. It should be noted Symantec funded the benchmark test and provided some scripts used to benchmark each participating antivirus software . [22]

The security status and settings are now displayed in a single main interface. CPU usage monitor displays the total CPU utilization and Norton’s CPU usage in the main interface. Other features include Norton Insight . [23] To address malware response times and updates are delivered updates 5 to 15 minutes. However, such updates are not tested by Symantec, and may cause false positives , or incorrectly identify files as malicious. The exploit scanner found in the 2007 and 2008 versions was dropped from this release.

When installed in 32-bit versions of Windows XP Service Pack 2, 150 MB of free space, a 300 MHz processor, and 256 MB of RAM is required. When installed in 32-bit or 64-bit versions of Windows Vista, 150 MB of free space, an 800 MHz processor, and 512 MB of RAM is required.

Two variations on Norton AntiVirus 2009 are also marketed by Symantec. The Gaming Edition provides more information about how Norton downloads and enables full-screen mode. The Classic edition can not find or remove adware and spyware .

Version 2010 (17.0)

Version 17.0 was released on September 9, 2009. [24] Several features have been updated in this release, including SONAR , now dubbed SONAR 2 . It is used by the application. Norton Insight can present users with information about the origins, activities, and performance of applications along with reputation data. [24] A new feature codenamed Autospy helps users understand what Norton did when malware was found. Previous releases removed threats on sight and quietly warned users, potentially confusing when users are deceived in downloading rogue security software. Much of this information is placed on the back of the main window; a toggle button switches between the sides. [25] Symantec has also added Windows 7 support. Aside from that, Symantec has also added Norton Download Insight to prevent drive by downloads.

Version 2011 (18.0)

Version 2012 (19.0)

Version 2013 (20.0)

Version 2014 (21.0)

Lack of 2015 version

Symantec briefly discontinued the Norton AntiVirus standalone product in 2015 instead of replacing it with Norton Security . [26]

Version 2016 (22.0)

The main GUI of Norton AntiVirus 2016-present

Criticism

FBI cooperation

The FBI confirmed the active development of Magic Lantern , a keylogger intended to obtain passwords to encrypt e-mail and other documents during criminal investigations. Magic Lantern was first reported in the media by Bob Sullivan of MSNBC on 20 November 2001 by Ted Bridis of the Associated Press . [27] [28] The FBI intends to deploy Magic Lantern in the form of an e-mail attachment . When the attachment is opened, it installs a trojan horse on the suspect’s computer, which is activated when the suspect uses PGPencryption, often used to increase the security of email messages. When activated, the PGP password, which allows the FBI to decrypt user communications. [29] Symantec and other major antivirus vendors have whitelisted the Magic Lantern trojan, rendering their antivirus products, including Norton AntiVirus, unable to detecting it. Concerns about this whitelisting include uncertainties about Magic Lantern ‘s full potential surveillance and hackers could subvert it and redeploy it for purposes outside of law enforcement. [30] [31]

Graham Cluley, a technology consultant from Sophos , said “We have no way of knowing if it was written by the FBI, and even if we did not, we would not know whether it was used by the FBI or if it had been ordered. by a third party “. [32] Another reaction came from Marc Maiffret, chief technology officer and co-founder of eEye Digital Security who states: “Our customers are paying for a service, to protect them from all forms of malicious code. to do law enforcement’s job for them, and will not, make any exceptions for law enforcement malware or other tools. ” [33]

Proponents of Magic Lantern argues the technology would be easy to enforce and quickly decrypt time-sensitive messages protected by encryption schemes. Implementing Magic Lantern does not require physical access to a computer suspect, unlike Carnivore , a predecessor to Magic Lantern, since a computer access to a computer would require a short order. [34] FBI spokesman Paul Bresson, in response to a question about whether or not it would be appropriate to deploy the software to the appropriate legal process. ” [35] [36]

Update disables legitimate software

On January 28, 2010 Symantec Anti-virus update marked Spotify as Trojan Horse disabling the software across millions of PCs. [37] [38]

Product support

Retail customers report slow and indifferent service on bugs. Examples include a faulty message stating current subscriptions had expired. [39] Users received an error stating “Your virus protection can not be updated.” This error occurred after an update to the software and refused to allow daily updates. [39] Though the bug was reported in 2004, it was not corrected for the 2005 or 2006 versions.

Another incident occurred in May 2007, when Norton AntiVirus flagged components of the Pegasus e-mail client as malicious, rendering the program corrupted. [40] Symantec customer service addressed the problem by running through a checklist of troubleshooting steps that were not always successful.

Faulty update

On July 25, 2006, Symantec released a faulty update for Norton AntiVirus 2006 users. Users reported an onscreen stating message “Norton AntiVirus 2006”. [41] Symantec Claimed the faulty update Was downloaded to customers entre 1:00 PM and 7:00 PM on July 25, 2006. Symantec has Developed workaround tool and HAS listed troubleshooting steps, disponible ici . The company released a statement, stating they expected to deliver a patch to affected users by Monday, July 31, 2006. ” [42]

Uninstallation

Norton AntiVirus has been deprecated to completely uninstall , leaving unnecessary files behind. [43] [44] Another issue is prior to 2009 versions installed LiveUpdate , qui updates Norton-branded software, separately. The user must uninstall both Norton AntiVirus and the LiveUpdate component manually. The LiveUpdate component is purposely left behind to other Norton-branded products, if present. [45] In response, Symantec developed the Norton Removal Tool (SymNRT) to remove the leftover registry keys and values ​​along with files and folders. [46]However, neither route of uninstallation would be allowed to subscribe data, but to prevent users from installing multiple trial copies. citation needed ]
SymNRT can only remove these Norton programs:

  • Norton AntiSpam 2004 and 2005
  • Norton Antivirus 2003 through 2012
  • Norton Ghost 2003,9.0,10.0,12.0,1 AO and 15.0
  • Norton GoBack 3.1 through 4.2
  • Norton Internet Security 2003 through 2012
  • Norton Password Manager
  • Norton Personal Firewall 2003 through 2006
  • Norton SystemWorks 2003 through 2009
  • Norton Confidential Online 2007
  • Norton Add-on Pack 1.0 – 4.0
  • Norton Save and Restore 1.0 through 2.0
  • Norton 360 / Security Suite / Business Suite 1.0 – 5.0
  • Norton Safety Minder 1.0
  • Norton Safe Web 3.2

Once SymNRT has started the removal process, it can not be stopped. It is recommended to close all running programs to run SymNRT. ACT! and WinFax users are recommended to back up their databases before running SymNRT.

Incompatibilities with ZoneAlarm

Norton AntiVirus 2007 will not install alongside ZoneAlarm . Norton AntiVirus 2007 Norton AntiVirus 2007 with incompatibility. [47] Symantec recommends removing ZoneAlarm, then reinstalling it with its Internet Worm Protection feature disabled, which controls what applications can access the Internet and which protocols they use to do so.

PIFTS.exe

On March 9, 2009, some users of Norton AntiVirus 2006 and 2007 experienced Norton-associated file firewall warning, “PIFTS.exe,” was trying to connect to the Internet . [48] While this file was first published in the last 12 days, Symantec removed the PIFTS file. With no information available on the subject of the program there was speculation that the program was malware or a backdoor . [49]

The SANS Internet Storm Center The Symantec employee who has confirmed that “the program is theirs, part of the update process and not intended to do harm.” [50] Graham Cluley, a consultant from antivirus vendor Sophos found PIFTS connected to a Symantec server, forwarding product and computer information. [51]

On March 10, Symantec made an official response to the PIFTS program, claiming the support posts in the forum Were deleted due to forum spam rules; however, the deletion of PIFTS-related posts [52] Symantec stated PIFTS itself was a diagnostic patch. [49] Cole stated that Windows 7- compatible versions of Norton AntiVirus would need to be migrated to Windows 7 . PIFTS apparently has been released with a digital signature to verify its identity, causing firewalls to prompt for permission to connect to the Internet. [53]

Consumer complaints

Symantec has been criticized by some consumers for alleged breaches of the law, and claims that their systems have not been reimbursed. actually been infected. [54]

Macintosh edition

Norton AntiVirus 11 for Mac released for Mac OS X v10.5 Leopard platform, with the ability to detect both Macintosh and Windows malware. Other features include a vulnerability scanner , which blocks attackers from leveraging software exploits. [55] Norton AntiVirus 11 also includes the ability to scan through compressed or compressed files, such as Time Capsule volumes. Operating requirements for Mac OS X Tiger . [56] A PowerPC or an Intel Coreprocessor, 128 MB of RAM, and 100 MB of hard disk space are also required. Norton AntiVirus Dual Protection for Mac is intended for Macintosh users with Windows running on their systems, using Boot Camp or virtualizationsoftware such as VMWare Fusion . Norton AntiVirus 11 provides Norton AntiVirus 11 with Norton AntiVirus 2009 . [57] [58]

Comparison with other software

From the 2009 to 2012 editions, Symantec made huge changes to their products’ speed and performance. Norton products now only have 2 running processes, using about 24 MB of RAM. [59] Symantec engineers monitor said outbreaks of computer viruses to establish new viruses. As soon as a virus is recognized, information in the virus (a virus signature) is stored in a pandemic definitions file, which contains the vital know-how to become aware of and get rid of the virus. [60] According to Symantec, PassMark Security Benchmark 2012 Norton AntiVirus and Norton Internet Security are the lightest suites available. Av-comparatives.org also tested these products and gave similar results. [61]PCMag Recognized 2011 and 2012 lines as the fastest and strongest in protection. [62] PCWorld’s tests of security software Norton Internet Security 2009 in the 1st place. [63] In 2011 testing of PCWorld, Norton Internet Security Was the winner. citation needed ] Dennis Technology Labs (powered by Symantec) confirms the performance and effectiveness of Norton 2011 and 2012 lines. [64]

Norton AntiVirus vs. GCSB Amendment Bill

On the 14th of August 2013 the Prime Minister of New Zealand John Key addressed what he identified as “misinformation” surrounding the GCSB Bill Amendment, claiming that the actions of the Government Security Communications Bureau were analogous to Norton AntiVirus. [65]

See also

  • Internet security
  • Comparison of antivirus software
  • Comparison of firewalls

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